Flavio Percoco, project team lead of OpenStack’s multi-tenant cloud messaging service for web developers, offers updates on improvements in deployment, storage and support.


OpenStack messaging service Zaqar has made vast improvements since the project launched in 2013 as Marconi.

Rich Bowen, RDO community liaison at Red Hat, spoke with Flavio Percoco, project team lead (PTL) of the Zaqar project about its improvements in [Kilo](https://www.openstack.org/software/kilo/ ) and what’s coming in Liberty.

I was hoping you could tell us what has been happening in the Kilo cycle, and what we can expect to see in Liberty.

Many things have happened in these last few years. We developed new APIs, we’ve added new features to the project.

At that time, we had version 1 of the API, and we were still figuring out what the project was supposed to be like, and what features we wanted to support, and after that we released a version 1.1 of the API, which was pretty much the same thing, but with a few changes, and a few things that would make consuming Zaqar easier for the final user.

Some other things changed. The community provided a lot of feedback to the project team. We’ve attempted to graduate two times, and then the Big Tent discussion happened, and we just fell into the category of projects that would be a good part of the community – of the Big Tent discussion. So we are now officially part of OpenStack. We’re part of this Big Tent group.

We changed the API a little bit. The impression that the old API gave was that it was a queuing service, whereas what we really wanted to do was a messaging service. There is a fundamental difference between the two. Our focus is to provide a messaging API for OpenStack that would not just allow users to send messages from one point to another, but it would also allow users to have notifications right away from that API. So we’ll take advantage of the common storage that we’ll use for both features, for different services living within the same service. That’s a big thing, and something we probably didn’t talk about back then.

The other thing is that in Kilo we dedicated a lot of time to work on these versions of the API and making sure that all of the feedback that we got from the community was taken care of and that we were improving the API based on that feedback, and those long discussions that we had on the mailing list.

In Liberty, we’ve dedicated time to integrating with other project, as in, having other projects consume the API. So we’re very excited to say that in Liberty a few patches have landed in Heat that rely on Zaqar for having notifications, or to send messages, and communicate with other parts of the Heat service. This is very exciting for us, because we have some stories of production environments, but we didn’t have stories of other projects consuming Zaqar, and this definitely
puts us in a better position to improve the service, and get more feedback from the community.

In terms of features for the Liberty cycle, we’ve dedicated time to improve the websocket transport which we started in Kilo, but didn’t have enough time to complete there. This websocket transport will allow for persistent connections to be made against the Zaqar service, so you’ll just connect to the service once, and you’ll keep that connection alive. This is ideal for several scenarios, and one of those is connecting to Zaqar from a browser and having Javascript communication directory to Zaqar, which is something we really want to have.

Another interesting feature that we implemented in Liberty is called pre-signed URLs, and what it does is something very similar – if folks are familiar with Swift temp URLs –


This is something very similar to that. It generates a URL that can expire. You will share that URL with people or services that don’t have an username in Zaqar, so that they can connect to the service and still send messages. This URL is limited to a single tenant and a single queue, and it has privileges and policies attached to it so that we can protect all the data that is going through the service.

I believe those are the two features that excite me the most from the Liberty cycle. But what excites me the most about this cycle is that we have other services using Zaqar, and that will allow us to improve our service a lot.

Looking forward to the future, is there anything that you would like to see in the M cycle? What is the next big thing for Zaqar?

In the M cycle, I still see us working on having more projects consuming Zaqar. There’s several use cases that we’ve talked about that are not being taken care of in the community. For instance, talking to guest agents. We have several services that need to have an agent running in the instances. We can talk about Trove, we can talk about Sahara, and Murano. We are looking forward to address that use case, which is what we built pre-signed URLs for. I’m not sure we’re going to make it in Liberty, because we’re already on the last milestone of the cycle, but we’ll still try to make it in Liberty. If we can’t make it in Liberty, that’s definitely one of the topics we’ll need to dedicate time to in the M cycle.

But as a higher-level view, I would really like to see a better story for Zaqar in terms of operations
support and deployment – make it very simple for people to go there and say they want Zaqar, this is all I need, I have my Puppet manifest, or Anisible play-books, or whatever people are using now – we want to address that area that we haven’t paid much attention to. There is already some effort in the Puppet community to create manifests for Zaqar, which is amazing. We want to complete that work, we want to tell operations, hey, you don’t have to struggle to make that happen, you don’t have to struggle to run Zaqar, this is all you need.

And the second thing that I would like to see Zaqar doing in the future is to have a better opinion of what storage it wants to rely on. So far, we have support for two storages that are unicode based and there’s a proposal to support a third storage, but in reality what we would really like to do is have a more opinionated Zaqar instance of storage, so that we can build a better API, make it consistent, and make sure it is dependable, and provide specific features that are supported and that it doesn’t matter what storage you are using, it doesn’t matter how you deploy Zaqar, you’ll always get the same API, which is something that right now it’s not true. If you deploy Redis, for instance, you will not have support for FIFO queues, which are optional right now in the service. You won’t be able to have them because that’s something that’s related to the storage itself. You don’t get the same guarantees that you’d get with other storage. We want to have a single story that we can tell to users, regardless of what storage they are using. This doesn’t mean that ops
cannot use their own storage. If you deploy Zaqar and you really want to use a different storage, that’s fine, we’re not going to remove plug-ability from the service. But in terms of support, I would like Zaqar to be more opinionated.

To get involved with Zaqar, you can subscribe to the mailing lists., chat with the community directly in the #openstack-zaqar channel on irc.freenode.org or nswer and ask questions on Ask OpenStack.

This post first appeared on Rich Bowen’s blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @rbowen.

Superuser is always interested in how-tos and other contributions, get in touch at [email protected].

Cover Photo by Kevin Dooley // CC BY NC